Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Pictures Gallery

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang

Introduction: IntroductionDongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang are located respectively both sides of Chairman M..

Tickets:Dongxijiao Minxiang fee and opening hoursAdmission freeOpening hours all day

Travel Tips:Tips1.Please protect facilities in the resort and keep the environment and do not leave rubbis..

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Maps

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Introduction

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang are located respectively both sides of Chairman Mao Zedong Memorial Hall, Tian'anmen Square. They called Jiangmixiang. East Jiaomin Xiang (Alley) in the area of Zhengyangmennei (Qianmennei) might be rated as the tidiest and most standard street in Beijing in those years. In old Beijing, the alley, as a center of foreign embassies and a foreign settlement in a disguised form, had witnessed the humiliation of the Chinese people before the founding of new China. Jiaomin Xiang came into existence as early as in the Ming Dynasty when it was called Jiangmi Xiang. Why had it got such a name? It was said that at that time beyond Chongwenmen, Zhengyangmen and Xuanwumen there was a river course, through which glutinous rice (Called jiangmi in Chinese) of the South was transported to Beijing and sold nearby. Jiangmi Xiang was the place where the rice was stored up at that time. This is o­nly what people say about the origin of the alley's name; whether it's true or not is another thing.

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Features

Originally, the administrations of foreign affairs in the Qing Dynasty were the Board of Rites (one of the six boards which formed the central government in imperial times in feudal China) and Honglusi (a government house similar to what is now the Department of Protocol), both of which were located in the neighborhood of East Jiaomin Xiang. Later, as customs and lifestyles varied from country to country, some separate embassies were set up here to receive ambassadors from different countries, such as the Koryo Embassy for the Koreans and the Annam Embassy for the Vietnamese. After the Opium Wars (1840-1842), seeing the Qing government was both corrupt and incompetent, the imperialist powers constantly invaded China and successively came to set up embassies in East Jiaomin Xiang in Beijing. The disgusting acts committed by these foreign powers enraged the Chinese people. In the 5th lunar month of 1900, Yihetuan (corps of Righteousness and Harmony of the Boxers; an armed anti-imperialist organization composed of north China peasants and handicraftsmen) assaulted the embassies in East Jiaomin Xiang and waged a war against the foreign powers. East Jiaomin Xiang was then burned down and reduced to rubble. Two months later, the Eight-Power Allied Forces (aggressive troops sent by Britain, the United States, Germany, France, tsarist Russia, Japan, Italy and Austria in 1900 to surpass the Yihetuan Movement of the Chinese people) intruded Beijing. Yielding to the pressure from the foreigners, the Qing government signed the xinchou Treaty with them. As a result, the neighborhood of East Jiaomin Xiang was put under foreign control and became 'one country inside another'. After that, foreign countries went in for large-scale construction there, setting up embassies, barracks, hospitals banks and churches. While the administrations of the Qing Dynasty such as th Board of War, the Board of Works, Honglusi, Qintianjian (a government house in charge of astronomy and calendric system) and the Imperial Academy, princely palaces, memorial temples and ordinary dwelling houses were all pulled down and had to be rebuilt elsewhere to make room for the foreigners. The Qing government was not allowed to have any say in these matters and had to comply with all of the foreigners' requests. Moreover, the Chinese were orbidden even to enter the area. The situation lasted for quite a long time. It was not until the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 that the Chinese People took the East Jiaomin Xiang in hand again.

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Tickets

Dongxijiao Minxiang fee and opening hours
Admission free
Opening hours all day

Dongjiuminxiang and Xijiaominxiang Transporation

Bus 2,5,17,22,120

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