Xian City Wall

Xian City Wall

Xian City Wall Pictures Gallery

Xian City Wall

Introduction: IntroductionWhen Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), captured H..

Tickets:Xian City Wall Fee and Opening HourAdmission: 40rmb. With yearly tickets Shaanxi travelling, y..

Travel Tips:Tips:1. There are 19 pieces of the wall, the visitors can enter nearby. Location: 3 pi..

Xian City Wall Maps

Xian City Wall Introduction

Introduction
When Zhu Yuanzhang, the first Emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), captured Huizhou, a hermit named Zhu Sheng admonished him that he should 'built high walls, store abundant food supplies and take time to be an Emperor,' so that he could fortify the city and unify the other states. After the establishment of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang followed his advice and began to enlarge the wall built initially during the old Tang dynasty (618 -907), creating the modern Xian City Wall.
 It's the most complete city wall that has survived in China, as well being o­ne of the largest ancient military defensive systems in the world. After the extension, the wall now stands 12 meters (40 feet) tall, 12-14 meters (40-46 feet) wide at the top and 15-18 meters (50-60 feet) thick at the bottom.They run approximately 12 kilometers in length and feature imposing guard towers and gates. In their heyday, the city was further protected by a moat complete with drawbridges; today, the moat has been filled in and converted to park land. Xi'an city wall has now been national AAAA Grade tourism Area.
Xi'an's special location make it to be a attractive place for travel. Except the cold winter, every seasons are the best time to be here.

Xian City Wall Features

Highlight
Unlike so many of China's modernized but ancient cities, Xi'an has managed to retain a major piece of its past intact. Forming an enormous rectangle around the old imperial heart of the city, the Xi'an city walls date back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), though they attained their present brick-faced form in 1568 and several sections have been recently rebuilt.
Xian City Wall covers 12 kilometers in length with a deep moat surrounding it. Every 120 meters, there is a rampart which extends out from the main wall. All together, there are 98 ramparts o­n the wall, which were built to defend against the enemy climbing up the wall. Each rampart has a sentry building, in which the soldiers could protect the entire wall without exposing themselves to the enemy. Besides, the distance between every two ramparts is just within the range of an arrow shot from either side, so that they could shoot the enemy, who wanted to attack the city, from the side. o­n the outer side of the city wall, there are 5948 crenellations, namely battlements. The soldiers can outlook and shoot at the enemy. o­n the inner side, parapets were built to protect the soldiers from falling off.
Since the ancient weapons did not have the power to break through a wall and the o­nly way for an enemy to enter the city was by attacking the gate of the city wall. This is why complicated gate structures were built within the wall. In Xian, the city wall includes four gates and they are respectively named as Changle (meaning eternal joy) in the east, Anding (harmony peace) in the west, Yongning (eternal peace) in the south and Anyuan (forever harmony) in the north. The south gate, Yongning, is the most beautifully decorated o­ne. It is very near to the Bell Tower, center of the city. Important greeting ceremonies organized by the Provincial Government are usually held in the south gate square.
Each city gate has three gate towers: Zhenglou, Jianlou and Zhalou. The most outside is Zhalou, which stands away from the City Wall and is opposite to Zhenglou. It was used to raise and lower the suspension bridge. Jianlou with small windows in the front and flanks was used as a defensive outpost. Zhenglou, in the inner, is the main entrance to the city. The wall connects Jianlou and Zhenglou Towers. The area between them within the wall was called 'Wong Cheng', in which the soldiers stationed. From Wong Cheng, there are sloped horse passages leading to the top of the city wall.

Xian City Wall Tickets

Xian City Wall Fee and Opening Hour
Admission: 40rmb. With yearly tickets Shaanxi travelling, you can visit Xi’an City Wall at any time. (Expiry Day is 30th,Mar,2009. the tickets will be invalid temporarily for the following activities. (In case of the governments’activities,  the announcement will be available.)
1.Spring Lantern festival(2nd,Feb,2008----5th,Mar,2008, and 21st,Jan,2009----22ed, Feb,2009).2.Mid-Autumn Day o­n 14th,Sep. 3.Golden Week----1st,Oct, to 7th,Oct. 4.Christmas activity o­n 24th,and 25th,Dec. 5. New Year---from 31st,Dec to 1st, Jan.
Opening Hour: 08:00-21:30 (Spring and Summer)08:00-19:00(Autumn and Winter)

Xian City Wall Transporation

Traffic
Pieces of the wall still exist all around the city but the best spot to admire its remains is at Nan Men. Take a taxi or bus No 6、11、12、16、23、26、29、31、35、36、40、46、203、204、208、213、213、215、216、221、222、229、232、239、302、311、321、323、402、405、501、502、512、600、K600、603、K605、608、609、K618、701、704、706、707、713、800、910,and travel bus 7.

The Best Hotels in Xian City Wall

  • Xiehe Hotel

    Xiehe Hotel

    Two-star or Less XianYanta Price:-

    Hotel has a well-equipped guest rooms and entertainment facilities, leisure is the ideal place to stay.---

  • City Hotel

    City Hotel

    Three-star XianBeilin Price:-

    The City Hotel (Chengshi Jiudian) is located in Xi'an's commercial district just a stone's throw from the Bell Tower, where guests can catch the Green Bus to most top Xi'an attractions...

  • Jianguo Hotel Xi'an

    Jianguo Hotel Xi'an

    Four-star XianBeilin Price:-

    The Jianguo Hotel Xi'an (Xi'an Jianguo Fandian) is a courtyard hotel located next to Xi'an's Jiaotong University and the Fourth Military Medical University in the eastern Xi'an.This Xi'a..

  • Jinghai Business Hotel

    Jinghai Business Hotel

    Two-star or Less XianWeiyang Price:-

    Hotel has a well-equipped guest rooms and entertainment facilities, leisure is the ideal place to stay.---

  • Network Hotel

    Network Hotel

    Preparatory Three-star XianYanta Price:-

    The Network Hotel (Guangdian Wangluo Dajiudian) is located at the intersection of South Taibai and Nanerhuan roads. The hotel provides a full range of exquisitely decorated accommodations e..

Xian City Wall Hotels

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