Beijing Maps

Beijing Introduction

As the capital of China, Beijing is o­ne of the world's truly imposing cities, with a 3,000-year history and 11 million people. Covering 16,808 square kilometers in area, it is the political, cultural and economic center of the People's Republic.  

Situated in northeast China, Beijing adjoins the Inner Mongolian Highland to the northwest and the Great Northern Plain to the south. Five rivers run through the city, connecting it to the eastern Bohai Sea. Administratively, the Beijing municipality equals the status of a province, reporting directly to the central government.

Rich in history, Beijing has been China's primary capital for more than seven centuries. China's imperial past and political present meet at Tiananmen Square, where the Forbidden City palace of the emperors gives way to the Great Hall of the People congress building and the mausoleum of Chairman Mao Zedong. The old city walls have been replaced by ring roads, and many of the old residential districts of alleys and courtyard houses have been turned into high-rise hotels, office buildings, and department stores. Beijing, a dynamic city where the old and new intermingle, remains a magnet for visitors from inside and outside China.            

Beijing is a city of broad boulevards, now full of traffic and pulsating to the rhythms of commerce and entertainment.  Museums and parks abound, including the Palace Museum of the Forbidden City and Beihai Park in the center of town. Nearby, the China Fine Arts Museum (Zhongguo meishuguan) exhibits the work of contemporary artists. China's ancient past and recent history are o­n view at the Museum of Chinese History and Chinese Revolution at Tiananmen. Antiques, crafts, and books can be found at Liulichang, an old antique market district remodeled in the 1980's to reflect the style of the old city. Some of the spirit of Old Beijing is also preserved at Qianmen, south of Tiananmen, with stores that date to the early 20th century and beyond, including the Tongrentang Traditional Medicine Shop, first established in 1669. Beijing Opera performances and acrobatic troupes keep those traditional entertainment forms vital, while contemporary music clubs and discos thrive in an era of liberalization and prosperity.

Beijing Traffic

There are currently 3 or 4 subway lines in Beijing depending o­n how you count.
- Route 1 and 8 (both red o­n maps) travel o­n an east-west axis.  There are transfer stations at Sihui (四惠)and Sihui Dong (四惠东) to swich between these two lines.
- Route 2 (blue o­n maps) is a circular route.
- Route 13 (yellow o­n maps) forms an upside down "U".

Fuxingmen (复兴门) and Jianguomen (建国门) are transfer stations between route 1 and route 2.
Xizhimen (西直门) and Dongzhimen (东直门) are transfer stations between route 2 and route 13.  There are also long distance bus stations near both of these stations.
There are currently 3 or 4 subway lines in Beijing depending o­n how you count.
- Route 1 and 8 (both red o­n maps) travel o­n an east-west axis.  There are transfer stations at Sihui (四惠)and Sihui Dong (四惠东) to swich between these two lines.
- Route 2 (blue o­n maps) is a circular route.
- Route 13 (yellow o­n maps) forms an upside down "U".
Fuxingmen (复兴门) and Jianguomen (建国门) are transfer stations between route 1 and route 2.
Xizhimen (西直门) and Dongzhimen (东直门) are transfer stations between route 2 and route 13.  There are also long distance bus stations near both of these stations.
In every subway station there is a ticket office with real people in it. Subway tickets cost between 3 and 5 Yuan depending o­n where you go.
Large backlit signs and maps at every platform can help passengers find the correct direction and route to get where they are trying to go. If necessary, you can ask the subway staff in order to avoid wasting time by going the wrong way (note that the staff members generally do not speak English).

Beijing Capital International Airport is the main international airport that serves the capital city of Beijing, People's Republic of China. The IATA Airport Code is PEK, reflecting Beijing's former Romanization Peking. The code BJS is also frequently used, reflecting the current pinyin spelling of Beijing and including all airports in the Beijing metropolitan area; currently, Beijing Capital (PEK) is the o­nly civil aviation airport that falls under BJS.
The airport is located 20 km to the northeast of Beijing city center. Although many consider it to lie in Shunyi District, it is, in fact, an exclave of Chaoyang District, Beijing.
The airport is a primary hub of operations for Air China, which flies to around 120 destinations (excluding cargo). It is also a hub for Hainan Airlines and China Southern Airlines. The airport expansion is largely funded by a 500-million-euro (USD 625 million) loan from the European Investment Bank (EIB). The loan is the largest ever granted by the EIB in Asia; the agreement was signed during the eighth China-EU Summit held in September 2005.
Beijing Capital is today the busiest airport in the People's Republic of China, having registered double-digit growth annually since the SARS crisis of 2003. In 2004, it became the busiest airport in Asia by aircraft movements, overtaking Tokyo International Airport (Haneda). In terms of passengers, Beijing was the second-busiest airport in Asia after Tokyo International Airport (Haneda) and ninth-busiest worldwide in 2006. In 2007, it served 53,736,923 passengers and had 399,986 aircraft movements.[1] It was the 23rd busiest airport in terms of traffic movements. It is also the 20th busiest airport in terms of cargo traffic, having moved 1,028,908 million tonnes of cargo in 2006. It operates around 1100 flights a day, and is expected to rise to 1500-1600 at the Olympics in 2008.

There are nine toll Beijing expressways that connects the city with other major parts of the country. These expressways of Beijing include Badaling Expressway, Jingcheng Expressway, Airport Expressway, Jingtong Expressway, Jingha Expressway, Jingjintang Expressway, Jingkai Expressway and Jingshi Expressway. Travel to Beijing through these toll expressways.
Badaling Expressway: This Beijing expressway links the city with the Badaling section of the Great Wall of China. Its route goes through the following: Madian - Jianxiang - Shangqing - Huilongguan - Beianhe - Shahe - Baige - Changping District - Nankou - Badaling - Yanqing - Jingzhang Expressway
Jingcheng Expressway: It is o­ne of the new additions to the list of expressways in Beijing that runs to Chengde. Its route goes from the following: Taiyanggong Bridge - Wanghe Bridge - Laiguangying - Huanggang - Yandan - Gaoliying
Airport Expressway: Running to Beijing Capital International Airport, the speed limit is max 120 km/h at the airport expressway. Its route covers Sanyuanqiao, Siyun Bridge, Dashanzi, 5th Ring Road, Beigao, Yanglin Road, Xiaotianzu Road and Beijing Capital International Airport.
Jingtong Expressway: This speed limit is 100 km/h at Jingtong Expressway. The route of this expressway goes from the following: Dawang Bridge - E. 4th Ring Road - Gaobeidian - E. 5th Ring Road - Shuangqiao - Huicun - Tongzhou or Ximazhuang and Jingha Expressway.
Jingha Expressway: The speed Limit is 90 km/h and its route goes from the following: Beiguan Roundabout - E. 6th Ring Road - Baimiao - Yanjiao - China National Highway 102
Jingjintang Expressway: It is o­ne of the longest expressways of the city that follows the route Sifang Bridge (E. 4th Ring Road) - Wufang Bridge (E. 5th Ring Road) - Bailu Toll Gate - E. 6th Ring Road - Xianghe (Hebei) - Baodi (Tianjin) - Yutian - Lulong - Beidaihe Area - Shanhaiguan - Shenyang.
Jingkai Expressway: Your might see traffic jam at this expressway at times. The route that this expressway follows is Yuquanying - Xinfadi - Majialou - Toll Gate - 5th Ring Road - Daxing - Huangcun - Panggezhuang - Yufa - China National Highway 106
Jingshi Expressway: o­ne of the oldest Beijing expressways, Jingshi Expressway following route: Yuegezhuang - Xidaokou - W. 5th Ring Road - Dujiakan Toll Gate - Zhaoxindian - Daxing - Liangxing - 6th Ring Road - Doudian - Liulihe - Hebei Toll Gate - Zhuozhou - Dingxing - Baojin Expressway - Baoding - Shijiazhuang.

Taking taxi is a convenient choice. Taxi brands in Beijing are mostly Xiali and CIORTEN ZX. Fees are charged according to driving mileage. Taxi-takers will be charged 1.20 Yuan per kilometer by taking Xiali and new China Sub-warhead. Basic charge 10 Yuan shall be charged by supposing to drive 4 kilometers. Taking Santana and CIORTEN ZX charge 1.60 to 2.00 Yuan pr kilometer and the basic charge is 10 to 12 Yuan. The indication of price charging for per kilometer is usually indicated in taxi windows. Taxi fee will be added appropriately in case of waiting, driving at night and mileage for driving without passenger. Please form the habit of asking for bill when getting off the taxi. Such information as car number, company name to which belonged and complaint telephone etc. are listed in the bill. If you lost something in the taxi or you were charged too much, you could check out the car by telephone quickly. It is recommended to look at the map before getting o­n the taxi and get a rough comprehension about the direction and driving route in case of delaying time for traveling.

Beijing Festivals

The Spring Festival is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, just like Christmas in the West. All people living away from home go back, becoming the busiest time for transportation systems of about half a month from the Spring Festival. Airports, railway stations and long-distance bus stations are crowded with home returnees.
The Spring Festival falls o­n the 1st day of the 1st lunar month, often o­ne month later than the Gregorian calendar. It originated in the Shang Dynasty (c. 1600 BC-c. 1100 BC) from the people's sacrifice to gods and ancestors at the end of an old year and the beginning of a new o­ne.
Strictly speaking, the Spring Festival starts every year in the early days of the 12th lunar month and will last till the mid 1st lunar month of the next year. Of them, the most important days are Spring Festival Eve and the first three days. The Chinese government now stipulates people have seven days off for the Chinese Lunar New Year.

The Festival of Lanterns takes place at the end of the Chinese New Year Celebration, o­n the fifteenth day of the first moon.  Lanterns have been part of Chinese life for centuries so it's not surprising to see a festival of lanterns.   People usually hang lanterns in the gardens, outside the houses, and o­n the boats.  These lanterns are signposts to guide guests and spirits of ancestors to the Lunar celebration.  After a sumptuous fifteen-day feast, these lanterns light the way for the spirits back to the world beyond.
Silk, paper and plastic lanterns vary in shape and size and are usually multi-colored. Some are in the shapes of butterflies, birds, flowers, and boats.  Other are shaped like dragon, fruit and animal symbols of that year.  The most popular type of lantern is the "horse-racing" o­ne, in which figures or animals rotate around the vertical axis of the lantern.
The special food for the Lantern Festival is Yuen Sin or Tong Yuen.  These are round dumplings made with sticky rice flour.  They can be filled and served as a sweet snack or made plain and cooked in a soup with vegetables, meat and dried shrimp.  The round shape of the dumpling is a symbol of wholeness, completeness and unity.
The Lantern Festival is an occasion for families to get together and for everyone--young, old, rich and poor to have fun.

Beijing Service Telephones

Beijing tourism hotline: 65130828
Beijing Railway Information: 65288448
Beijing Civil Aviation Information Inquiry: 962580
Beijing air ticket booking tel: 962581

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