Nanjing

About Nanjing Travel

Introduction:Lies o­n the south bank of the Yangtze River, Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, is o­ne of the most delightful of Chinese cities. Known as the Capital City of Six or Te..

Districts: Nanjing Changshu Changzhou Huaian Jiangdu Jiangyin Kunshan Lianyungang Liyang Nantong Qidong Suqian Suzhou Taicang Taizhou Tongli Wujiang Wuxi Xuzhou Yancheng

Attractions: Ming Dynasty City Wall Zijin Hill Observatory Niushou Mountain President Palace Confucius Temple Tangshan Plum Blossom Hill Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre Jiming Temple

Nanjing Maps

Nanjing Introduction

Lies o­n the south bank of the Yangtze River, Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu Province, is o­ne of the most delightful of Chinese cities. Known as the Capital City of Six or Ten Dynasties in China's history, it has a brilliant cultural heritage.
Yuecheng, the first recorded military defense constructed in early 472 B.C., opened the long history of Nanjing. In the following years, the city reached its height of splendor at various times. In 229, Sun Quan, o­ne of the three heroes in China's Three Kingdoms Period (220 - 280), to strengthen his influence in the middle valley of the Yangtze River, moved the capital of his kingdom to Jianye - present Nanjing. From that time o­n, the city served as the capital for several dynasties in China's history. In 1356, in a peasant rebellion, Zhu Yuanzhang, later the Emperor Taizu of the Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644), conquered the city and renamed it Yingtian Fu. In 1368, Zhu established the Ming Dynasty - the last feudal dynasty ruled by the native Han people - and gave Yingtian Fu the new name of Nanjing. Ten years later, the emperor made Nanjing the capital of the country. The mausoleum of Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang is perching o­n the southern slope of the Mount Zijinshan in the northeastern part of the city.
Following officials' advice of "building walls and producing grain to consolidate the rule", the emperor ordered the construction of city walls. Today's majestic walls in Nanjing, the longest of its kind in the world, are the result of that phase of construction. Zhonghua Gate, simply meaning 'Chinese Gate', is a noted attraction for tourists in the present city center.
In spite of its glorious times, the city also witnessed the hardest moment of this nation. In 1839, the Opium War burst out after Lin Zexu, an assiduous official, burnt twenty thousand boxes of opium in Humen. o­n a battleship in Nanjing's Xiaguan, the corrupt Qing government, under threat by Britain troops, signed the notorious Nanjing Treaty, the first of the 'Unequal Treaties' which ceded Hong Kong away from China for more than hundred years. Following this treaty, invasions and colonial rule of the western countries intensified and China sank into a harder and darker time.
Peasant groups of Taiping rebelled against the Qing government in 1853 and established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom in Jinling, Nanjing's name at that time, and formed an army. Unfortunately, the peasant regime was short-lived and in 1864, troops of Qing government won the city back. Nowadays, in Xuyuan Garden , o­ne can still see part of the palace of Heavenly King of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
It was the Revolution of 1911, the Chinese bourgeois democratic revolution led by Dr.Sun Yat-Sen that overthrew the Qing Dynasty. o­n the first day of 1912, Dr. Sun Yet-sen gave his simple but sublime address o­n the inauguration held of the new Republic of China. Today, a memorial hall in the Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, houses a statue of Dr. Sun sculpted out of white marble.
There are two further negative memories of the city. o­n April 18th, 1927, Chiang Kaishek launched the counter-revolutionary 4.12 Coup and established his power in Nanjing. Also, in 1937, the inhuman Nanjing Massacre happened. In six weeks, more than 300,000 Chinese people were killed including women and children.
No atrocity can go unpunished. After eight years of resistance, in 1945 the brave Chinese people eventually drove the barbarous Japanese invaders out of China's homeland and the war criminals got what they deserved. However Chinese people will never forget the history. Pictures of the atrocities of Japanese soldiers taken by Japanese army photographers are exhibited in the Memorial Hall to the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre.
Finally, o­n April 23rd, 1949, Nanjing was liberated by the People's Liberation Army and Kuomintang's power in China was ended.
In addition to historical sights, memorials, museums and cultural sights also attract thousands of travelers. The famous Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao) is not o­nly a memorial place for the Great Sage in China but has a surrounding area bustling with shops, restaurants and a snack street housed in traditional Chinese architectural buildings. In the city center, Nanjing Museum is a must for travelers with a collection of more than 420 thousand pieces, including about 2,000 that are rare and valued. The observatory o­n Zijinshan Mountain to the east of the city center was the first modern observatory built in China.

Nanjing Traffic

By Air
Lu Kou International Airport (NKG) in Nanjing is located to the southeast of the city, 35 kilometers (22 miles) from the city center. Getting there by the 29-kilometers (18-mile) Airport Highway takes about 45 minutes. The AH is also connected with several main intercity expressways, which connect to nearby cities. A taxi driver from the airport to the city area costs more than 100 yuan. Airport shuttle buses leave from Zhonghuamen Distance Passenger Station daily with an interval of half an hour from 06:00 to 20:30. Meanwhile, most three-star and above-rating hotels in the city have special bus services to the airport
By Train
The Yangtze River Bridge in Nanjing connects railways o­n the northern and the southern river banks so that Nanjing has become the train transport hub of Eastern China. At the intersection of the national Jinghu Railway (Beijing-Shanghai Railway) and Ningtong (Nanjing -Tongchuan) Railway, Nanjing has a convenient rail network, with direct trains to Beijing, Shanghai (four hours), Hangzhou (two hours), Tianjing, Harbin, Changchun, Shenyang, Hangzhou (five and a half hours)and Xian
By Road
Six expressways radiate to the surrounding cities and areas in Anhui Province, Zhejiang Province and Shanghai. Long distance buses travel between Nanjing and major cities in almost all provinces in the east and southeast of China.
By Water
Bordered by the Yangtze River, Nanjing has a developed water transport network. Passenger cruise ships can take travelers to Zhenjiang, Yangzhou and Nantong in Jiangsu Province or downstream along the great Yangtze to Shanghai and upstream to Wuhu, Anqing, Jiujiang and Chongqing and other ports of call.
By Taxi
Taxis ply the main streets in the city. Fares start eight yuan for the first three kilometers, and 2.4 yuan for each additional kilometer. At night the charge is the same initial charge plus 2.7 yuan for each additional kilometer. Unlike those in Shanghai, Beijing or Shenzhen, the Waiting time is not charged.
Nanjing Railway Station ticket booking inquiry Tel :86-25-85822222
Nanjing Railway Station complaints Tel :86-25-85413659
Nanjing Bus station Inquiries :86-25-85504973
Nanjing Long-distance Bus Station Tel :86-25-85531153
Nanjing Long-distance Bus station complaints Tel :86-25-85531144
Nanjing, long-distance bus Inquiries Tel :86-25-85477435
Nanjing Tourism Quality Supervision and complaints Tel :86-25-83606085
Nanjing product quality complaints Tel :86-25-57713014

Nanjing Festivals

Summer: send summer festival
Lunar April: summer begins
Lunar April: Bihu Festival
Lunar April 8: Wufan Festival , Yufo Festival
December 31: the anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre

Nanjing Service Telephones

Nanjing Tourism Bureau Tel :86-25-83766337025-83766339
Address: Pioneer Square Floor13, Room 1339,Central Road 417, Nanjingcity
Nanjing Telecom Tel :86-025-3611992

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